A fairly common condition, Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) occurs when one or more leaflets of a mitral valve becomes abnormal and can sometimes lead to leakage of the valve (mitral regurgitation).
The mitral valve works like a one-way door system which allows blood to go in only one direction. After which, the valve is supposed to seal shut and not allow for any back flow of blood into the left atrium of the heart. When the valve becomes diseased, degenerative or becomes too loose, the valve loses the ability to close tightly, allowing for mitral regurgitation.
For most patients with MVP, if they experience mitral regurgitation at all, it is usually trivial, or mild. However, sometimes, the defect in the valve may be significant enough to cause a much greater amount of mitral regurgitation. In these instances, the condition would require surgery.
Most patients with Mitral Valve Prolapse have no symptoms, but when symptoms do manifest, they may include atypical chest pains, dizzy spells and some anxiety.
For patients whose MVP is significant enough to require surgery, there are various options between mitral valve repair and replacement. The video below offers an overview of this condition, along with more information about mitral valve prolapse repair and replacement:
To inquire about diagnosis, management and/or treatment of Mitral Valve Prolapse, contact Holy Cross Hospital's Valve Clinic in Fort Lauderdale, FL by calling 954-229-7974.
Dr. Vicente Font is a clinical cardiologist who practices at Holy Cross Medical Group's Cardiology Associates of Fort Lauderdale practice and is one of Holy Cross Hospitals' cardiac specialists in its Valve Clinic. For referral information to Dr. Font, call 954-900-6659.